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Surgical procedure to alter or revise the size or shape of the breasts (mammoplasty).

Breast revision surgery can be done in an outpatient surgical facility or in a hospital. General anesthesia is used, although local anesthesia may be used to numb the area around the breasts.

For a breast size reduction, some of the breast tissue is removed and the nipples may be relocated higher on the breasts for cosmetic reasons. The operation can take up to 6 hours and is done under general anesthesia.

During a breast lift, incisions are made along the natural creases in the breast and around the dark pink skin surrounding the nipple (areola). A keyhole-shaped incision above the areola is also made to define the new location for the nipple. Skin is removed from the lower section of the breast. The areola, nipple, and underlying breast tissue are moved up to a higher position. The nipple is moved and incisions are closed with sutures. The procedure usually lasts about two hours, depending on the extent of the surgery.

If you are considering mammoplasty, consult a plastic surgeon and discuss your expectations about looking and feeling better, keeping in mind that the desired result is improvement, not perfection. Emotional stability is an important factor. Breast surgery can renew your self-confidence and improve your appearance, but the rest is up to you.

Mammograms or breast X-rays may be required before the surgery. The plastic surgeon will perform a routine breast exam.

Mastopexy is typically performed to lift sagging, loose breasts. The size of the areola, the dark pink skin surrounding the nipple, can also be reduced.

Breast reduction may be recommended for:

         enlarged breast ( macromastia)

         cystic breast infections (polycystic mastitis)

         pain from weight of large breasts which is not relieved by a supporting bra

         back pain, neck pain, or shoulder pain


         breast pain

         loss of sensation in the breasts

         sleeping problem resulting from large breasts

         poor posture caused by large breasts

         arm or finger numbness caused by large breasts

         pigmented bra-strap groove

         striae (scar-like lines) on the breasts

Breast reduction is not recommended if  these conditions exist:

         breast cancer

         uncontrolled diabetes


         hardened breast skin

         dry or broken skin (intertrigo)


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More information on the other   procedures coming soon....